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中考英语单项选择解答技巧

发布时间:2020年06月19日 来源:招生考试报

武胜县街子初级中学  陈丽君

纵观全国各省市中考英语试题单项选择是中考英语测试英语语法词汇等知识重题型之一该类题型的命题特点是设题语境丰富注重词义在语境中的辨析主要从词汇、语法和语境的角度进行命题所涉及的知识点较为广泛考查的方向为语法知识词义辨析、固定搭配、固定句型及常用表达法等语言知识同时一些题目加强了与社会生活的联系具有浓郁的生活气息和时代特色强化了对考生综合能力及创造能力的考查该题型知识容量大覆盖面广几乎可以涵盖初中阶段所学的全部知识

解答该类题型的方法是:

1. 固定搭配法

考生在解答题目时,迅速再现与选项核心词汇相关的固定搭配或习惯用语,从而准确选出选项的方法。

19年内江中考)Where is Mike?

I saw him        with Mr. Smith in the hallways just now.

A. to talk    B. talking    C. talked    D. talks

【考查知识点】固定短语 see sb. do sth.看见某人做了某事,强调看着做的整个过程;

see sb. doing sth.看见某人正做某事,强调正在进行。

【解析】句意:Mike在哪里?

—我刚才看见他在走廊里和Smith先生谈话。

A. to talk动词不定式;B. talking动名词或现在分词;C. talked过去式或过去分词;D. talks第三人称单数。根据I saw him        with Mr. Smith in the hallways just now.可知这里考查see的用法,see sb. do sth.看见某人做了某事,强调看着做的整个过程;see sb. doing sth.看见某人正做某事,强调正在进行。根据just now(刚刚),在这里应该是刚刚看见他在走廊里和Smith先生正在谈话,强调正在进行的动作,所以应该用see sb. doing sth.故答案选B。

 2. 直接法

根据题目相关信息,直接运用相关语言知识选出正确答案的方法。

(19年眉山中考) What’s the meaning of “One Belt and One Road”?

      Let me         the words in the new dictionary.

A. look at    B. look for   C. look after    D. look up

【考查知识点】直接考查与look 相搭配的短语的意思

【解析】句意“-一带一路是什么意思?

-让我们在这个字典上查一下这个词”。

A. look at看; B. look for寻找;C. look after照顾;D. look up查阅。根据句意可知,表示“查阅这个单词”,故选D。

 3. 排除法

 排除法又叫逐步淘汰法,是指考生根据题目信息,运用所学知识,逐个排除错误选项,选出正确选项的方法。

19年南充中考)Who sings __________in your class?

Li Jing does.

A. most beautifully  B. most beautiful  C. more beautifully  D. more beautiful

【考查知识点】副词最高级的用法

【解析】句意:——在你的班里谁唱得是最好的?

——李静唱得最好。

A. most beautifully最好听;副词最高级;B. most beautiful最好听,形容词最高级;C. more beautifully更好听,副词词比较级;D. more beautiful更好听,形容词比较级。根据in your class可知这里知范围,用最高级,首先排除CD。这里是副词修饰动词,用beautifully的最高级,其次排除B。根据题意,故选A

4.前后照应法

前后照应法是指有些题目是将选项置于一个特定的语境,题干所表达的题意十分隐晦,考生必须通过认真理解题意,前后联系,反复推敲,找出题目暗含的真实信息,从而确定出正确选项的方法。

19年成都中考)You are not supposed to enter the teachers’ office ______.

Thanks, mom. I got it.

A. unless you are allowed to      B. if you want to ask questions      C. when you are asked to come in

【考查知识点】考查条件状语从句。

【解析】句意:——除非被允许,否则你不能进入老师的办公室。

——谢谢你,妈妈。我明白了。

A. 除非你被允许;unless除非,表条件,相当于if …notB. 如果你想问问题;if如果,表条件。C. 当你被要求进来的时候;when时候,表时间。本句是条件状语从句,根据上文You are not supposed to enter the teachers’ office可知if不合句意,故选A

5.逻辑推理法

(18年达州)Could you please tell me _____ “The Readers”, a TV programme hosted by Dong Qing?

Well, it is fun and teaches us a lot of knowledge.

A. how do many people like            B. how many people watch

C. why many people like               D. when many people watch

【考查知识点】考查宾语从句特别要注意的是它的语序和时态。

【解析】句意:——你能告诉我为什么很多人喜欢董卿的电视节目《读者》吗?

——嗯,它很有趣,教给我们很多知识。

宾语从句应使用陈述句序,A项错误;根据答语句意它很有趣,教给我们很多知识判断问句提问原因,从句连词用why。故选C。

总之解答英语单项选择的方法并不是单一有可能是上面常见5种方法的综合运用。只要考生

认真掌握好词汇知识、语法知识词义辨析、固定搭配、固定句型及常用表达法等语言知识再运用正确的解题方法,注意答题策略,就能取得好的解题效果

为了巩固上述方法请读者完成下面练习

单项选择(ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的正确答案)

  1. Peter,     honest boy, bought   useful dictionary in the store yesterday.

 A. a; a        B. an; an       C. a; an      D. an; a

  2. –Is  that       modern plane?

 –Yes, it’s       .  My sister sent it to me.

 A. your; my       B. your; mine      C. you; me     D. yours; mine

  3. –I think that Eric writes as       as Betty.

 –So he does.

 A. more careful      B. more carefully     C. most carefully  D. carefully

  4. –What do you think of working as a doctor?

   – Its a good job to help people keep______.

    A. busy         B. strict         C. healthy       D. generous

   5. –Will you stay here for dinner with us?

     –Sorry, I _______. My mother is waiting for me at home.

     A. mustn't       B. can't         C. needn't        D. couldn't

  6. ______ the help of modern technology, scientists got a photo of a black hole.

     A. At          B. In           C. On           D. With

  7. –What is your mother doing, Linda?

   –She _______dinner in the kitchen now.

A. is cooking        B. was cooking      C. cook              D. cooking

  8. Those young firemen were brave enough to _______ the fire in the forest.

     A. work out      B. put out        C. hand out        D. look out

  9. –It is said that 5G is coming. It will improve our life great!

    – ________ amazing it is!                                     

A. What an   B. How a   C. What    D. How

  10. Some people are too shy to say a word in public. However, _______ aren't.

A. another   B. the other   C. others    D. the others

  11. –Have  you ever read the traditional story Yu Gong  Moves a Mountain?

 –Yes, our teacher often advises us       more meaningful traditional books.

A. reading         B. reads       C. read       D. to read

  12. –Look  at the man standing at the school gate. Is he your math teacher Mr.  Brown?

 –No, it       be him.  He has gone to Chengdu on business.

A. needn’t      B. can’t       C. may not      D. mustn’t

  13. –Our  neighborhood is so dirty.  Shall we clean it this afternoon or tomorrow?

 –       .  Any time is OK.

A. It is up to you     B. Excuse me       C. Have a good time    D. I’m afraid I can’t

  14. –I’d love to go hiking with you, but I have much homework________.

 –If you don’t go, _____.

A. to do: so do I     B. to do; nor will I    C. doing ; so will I     D. do; neither am I

  15. –I have a bad cold, mom.

 – Oh, dear! You’d better ________a doctor with me in a minute.

A. will see      B. see       C. not see       D. seeing

  16. –Mr Black, _______ will the parents’ meeting last?

    -It’s hard to say. Maybe one hour more.

  A. how long   B. how much   C. how far   D. how often

  17. The charities have helped more children with the money _______ people raise.

  A. who    B. what    C. where    D. which

  18. –Could you please tell me       ?

 –Sorry, I don’t know. You may ask Mr.  Black over there.

A. who does the robot belong to       B. who the robot belongs to

C. who did the robot belong to       D. who the robot belonged to

  19. –Where are the teachers now?        

    – In the meeting room. They ________ the meeting for 10 minutes.

    A. have begun  B. have been on  C. have had   D. have been held

  20. –I promise I will work harder next term, Miss Li.

Well, just as the saying goes, “______.” I do hope that you will act at once.

A. It never rains but pours        B. Many hands make light work

C. Actions speak louder than words      D. A friend in need is a friend indeed

  Answer1-5 DBDCB    6-10 DABDC   11-15. DBABB   16-20. ADBBC



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